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Nuclear Weapons Testing
Nuclear weapons testing began with the Trinity project in when the United States fired a 20Kt fission blast over the New Mexico desert. After this initial effort testing in the United States progressed slowly, only 5 tests were carried out between and , but in the Soviet Union conducted its own tests. Amidst the Cold War, this threat prompted the United States to increase its efforts in developing nuclear weapons.
Atlas Missile Silo. Castle Romeo Device. Satellite image courtesy of Google Earth. This test series, principally conducted at the Enewetak and Bikini Atolls in the northwestern Marshall Islands, provided proof for a workable thermonuclear weapon. The energy release is the direct result of the nuclear fusion of dissociated Lithium6 Deuteride.
O ne sunny morning in September , a line of military trucks drove down a narrow lane beside a lake in the foothills of the Ural Mountains, the chain that divides European Russia from Siberia. They stopped at a tiny village called Satlykovo. Red Army troops began knocking on doors and ordering the few hundred inhabitants to strip off their clothes, put on replacements unloaded from the trucks, and climb aboard. The villagers were being evacuated.